40 years of Audi five-cylinder engines

Posted on 30. Aug, 2016 by in Audi Canada

The five-cylinder engines from Audi have achieved cult standing – partly due to their successful deployment in motorsport and also on comment of their trustworthiness and economy. They have played a critical purpose in defining Vorsprung durch Technik and to this day yield an romantic pushing knowledge with their evil sound.

The initial five-cylinder gasoline engine powered a Audi 100 (C2) in 1976. The model, famous internally as Type 43, was to be positioned aloft than a prototype in a market. The four-cylinder engines during a time were not suitable for this devise according to a developers. At a commencement of a 1970s, Audi engineers hence discussed a probability of introducing 5 and six-cylinder inline engines. The latter were ruled out due to a designation space compulsory and adverse weight distribution. So those obliged opted for a five-cylinder inline engine, shaped on a new EA 827 engine concept. This four-cylinder inline engine was used via a VW Group in a 1970s – in a Audi 80 and Audi 100, for instance. The subsequent 2.1-liter five-cylinder engine constructed 100 kW (136 hp). A complicated injection complement increasing potency and energy development. Delivery of a Audi 100 5E began in Mar 1977.

As early as 1978, Audi presented a initial diesel version: a naturally aspirated diesel with a banishment of dual liters and producing 51 kW (70 hp). One year later, a initial turbocharged five-cylinder gasoline engine done a entrance – another pioneering attainment from Audi. With an outlay of 125 kW (170 hp) and 265 newton meters (195.45 lb-ft) of torque, it powered a new tip model, a Audi 200 5T.

The five-cylinder gasoline engine in a 1980 Audi “Ur-quattro” had even some-more to offer. With turbocharging, an intercooler and permanent four-wheel drive, it constituted a absolute technical package for a racetrack and a road. Initially, it delivered 147 kW (200 hp). In 1983, a Finn Hannu Mikkola won a drivers’ pretension in a World Rally Championship in this car. In a same year, Audi introduced a wide-track Sport quattro, that was 24 centimeters (9.45 inches) shorter. It was powered by a newly grown four-valve five-cylinder section done of aluminum with an outlay of 225 kW (306 hp). It done a Sport quattro a many absolute automobile built to date by a German association for use on open roads. The indication shaped a basement for a new Group B convene car, with a four-valve powerplant delivering 331 kW (450 hp) from a really start. It was used for a initial time in a penultimate competition of 1984, a Ivory Coast rally. The other eleven rounds of a deteriorate were contested by a Swede Stig Blomqvist in a Group B Audi quattro A2 producing 265 kW (360 hp). In a end, he won a drivers’ pretension and Audi took a manufacturers’ title.

Even after Audi withdrew from rallying in 1986 there were other racing highlights: in 1987, Walter Röhrl won a Pikes Peak Hill Climb (USA) in a Audi Sport quattro S1 (E2). The racing automobile grown 440 kW (598 hp). And a IMSA GTO excelled on a US furloughed automobile stage in 1989, delivering 530 kW (720 hp) – from small some-more than dual liters of displacement.

Audi presented another miracle in automotive story during a International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main in 1989: a Audi 100 TDI. It was a initial prolongation automobile with a five-cylinder direct-injection turbocharged diesel engine and entirely electronic control. The powerplant generated 88 kW (120 hp) from a banishment of 2.5 liters. Audi continued to labour a operation of five-cylinder gasoline engines. In 1994, a Audi RS 2 with an outlay of 232 kW (315 hp) came on to a market. As an Avant with a energy of a sports car, it determined a new automotive class.

1994 saw a five-cylinder units crawl out of a B segment, when a Audi A4 (B5) was introduced. They were gradually transposed in a mid-1990s by a new V6 engines. The final five-cylinder engines, a 2.5 TDI in a Audi A6 and a 2.3 Turbo in a Audi S6, were phased out in 1997.

Then in 2009 there was a large quip – with turbocharging and gasoline approach injection in a Audi TT RS. The transverse-mounted engine grown by quattro GmbH constructed 250 kW (340 hp) from a banishment of 2.5 liters. It also offering superb opening in a RS 3 Sportback and in a RS Q3. The TT RS plus, that Audi presented in 2012, mustered adult an considerable 265 kW (360 hp). Today, a 2.5 TFSI in a Audi TT RS produces 294 kW (400 hp). An general jury of motoring reporters has voted a five-cylinder powerplant “Engine of a Year” 7 times in a quarrel given 2010.

Those who would like to see a initial Audi with a five-cylinder engine can now do so during a Audi Forum in Neckarsulm. The classical automobile muster entitled “From 0 to 100” facilities countless exhibits, that Audi uses to demeanour behind during a eventful story of a successful model. One of a initial five-cylinder TDI units from a 1989 Audi 100 is also on display. The muster runs until Nov 6, 2016.

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