At Audi, a nomination “RS” stands for a truth that is driven by a query for tip opening and perfection. “Every RS indication expresses a passion that we put into building a high-performance cars,” pronounced Oliver Hoffmann, Managing Director of Audi Sport GmbH. “For 25 years, a business have been experiencing a RS models as dictatorial companions for bland life that communicate pristine tension and extent pushing enjoyment.”
The RS models are a spearheads of their sold product lines. They mount for performance, status and exclusiveness during a extent of what is technically possibly though any detriment of bland usability. Many of them are pioneers in their marketplace segments and trailblazers for technical innovations – that practical to a Audi RS 4 Avant with a barnstorming biturbo V6 19 years ago and it relates usually as many to a TT RS (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 8.0–7.9 [29.4-29.8 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km: 181 [291.3 g/mi]) and a multi-award-winning, forceful 5 cylinder in a latest evolutionary stage.
RS 2 Avant to RS 4 Cabriolet: Dynamism secure in tradition
The RS models have been creation a dash for a entertain of a century – 5 milestones consequence sold mention.
In 1994, a Audi RS 2 Avant (232 kW/315 metric horsepower) with a four-valve, five-cylinder engine, prolonged given in use, wrote a initial territory of a RS story. With this car, a association determined a shred of a energetic high-performance hire wagons. The quattro expostulate with a self-locking core differential that had proven itself in engine racing and rallying done it probable to remarkably send this high opening to a road.
In 1999, a Audi RS 4 Avant formed on a S4 of a time introduced a new dimension in terms of energy to a medium-size class. Under a hood, a V6 engine with banishment of 2.7 liters, 5 valves per cylinder and biturbo charging does all a work – usually like in a S4. The engineers during what was afterwards quattro GmbH grown a energy unit, that was already really powerful, to give it even some-more vibrancy and even aloft torque for use in a RS 4. In partnership with Cosworth Technology, a cylinder conduct was newly developed, a intake and empty ports were revised and a cranky territory of a atmosphere ducts were lengthened on a suction and application sides. Furthermore, a turbochargers are incomparable and a boost vigour is augmenting compared with a S4. As a result, a RS 4 engine develops extent energy of 280 kW (380 metric horsepower) instead of 195 kW (265 metric horsepower).
The second era of a RS 4 followed in 2005. Numerous innovations, many of that originated in motorsports, impersonate this generation. A standout among these was a V8 engine with 309 kW (420 metric horsepower). It was a initial time that a manufacturer had relied on a multiple of gasoline approach injection and a high-rev judgment that authorised adult to 8,250 rpm. The gasoline approach injection engine enabled softened energy outlay by some-more effective prolongation of a fuel/air mixture. In a R8, that enjoyed success during Le Mans, a FSI record had already proven a opening in considerable style. In 2007, a engine was also used in a initial era of a Audi R8. The cessation offering a latest era of permanent all-wheel expostulate as good as a Dynamic Ride Control check complement that was initial used in 2002 in a RS 6. With a uneven energetic torque placement in a ratio of 40 percent front to 60 percent rear, a polished quattro expostulate with self-locking core differential ensured best traction. The initial and, to date, usually RS 4 Cabriolet supposing open-top pushing pleasure with a credentials song of a grave V8 aspirated engine.
2008 saw a attainment of a RS 6 Avant, a sports automobile in a form of an unimportant business hire wagon. With a totally newly grown V10 engine with FSI approach injection, biturbo charging, dry sump lubrication like in motorsports as good as a quattro permanent all-wheel drive, a RS 6 Avant put itself forward of a competition. With a considerable V10 force finish with 426 kW (580 metric horsepower) of energy and 650 Nm (479.4 lb-ft) of torque, a RS 6 Avant was a many absolute array prolongation Audi to date. The crankcase of a V10 energy territory was done in a low-pressure chill casting routine from an aluminum amalgamate – a high-tech element that combines low weight with high strength. The cylinder liners of a connected crankcase were mechanically exposed, with a outcome that a whole engine weighed usually 278 kilograms (612.9 lb). In method to accommodate a many harsh final in terms of automobile dynamics during a same time, a engine’s oil circuit was grown with dry sump lubrication, that was attempted and tested in motorsports. The outmost oil enclosure and a oil siphon module, that operates with countless suction stages, ensured that all engine components and a dual turbochargers were lubricated during all times. Today, this high-performance record is used in a Audi R8 (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 13.1–12.9 [18.0–18.2 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km*: 297–293 [478.0–471.5 g/mi]).
In 2011, RS 3 Sportback with 250 kW (340 metric horsepower), that in spin had a five-cylinder engine, brought a RS truth to a compress class. In 2013, a RS Q3 non-stop adult another marketplace shred as a initial compress SUV. It was powered by a transversely commissioned 2.5-liter five-cylinder engine, as used in a TT RS and RS 3. At reduction than 50 centimeters (19.7 in) long, a engine was really compact. This done a long-stroke engine (bore x cadence 82.5 x 92.8 millimeters [3.2 x 3.7 in]) ideal for cross installation. Initially, it constructed 228 kW (310 metric horsepower), though this augmenting to 250 kW (340 metric horsepower) from late 2014. The RS Q3 opening that followed in 2016 even reached 270 kW (367 metric horsepower).
The stream RS models: powerful, disdainful and stoical
Audi Sport GmbH now has 7 RS models in a range:
- Audi TT RS Coupé and Roadster
(Combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 8.1–7.9 [29.0–29.8 US mpg];
Combined CO2 emissions in g/km*: 183–181 [294.5–291.3 g/mi])
- Audi RS 3 Sportback and Sedan
(Combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km: 8.5 [27.7 US mpg];
Combined CO2 emissions in g/km*: 195–194 [313.8–312.2 g/mi])
- Audi RS 4 Avant
(Combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km: 9.2 [25.6 US mpg];
Combined CO2 emissions in g/km: 208 [334.7 g/mi])
- Audi RS 5 Coupé
(Combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 9.1–9.0 [25.8–26.1 US mpg];
Combined CO2 emissions in g/km: 206 [331.5 g/mi])
- Audi RS 5 Sportback
(Combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km: 9.1 [25.8 US mpg];
Combined CO2 emissions in g/km*: 207–206 [333.1–331.5 g/mi])
The RS models have unusual turbo engines underneath a hood, with a indomitable five-cylinder that has a clever tradition with a 4 rings heading a way. During a 1980s, they powered a Audi convene cars, furloughed cars and prolongation models to a front of a pack. The initial RS model, a RS 2 from 1994, also had such an engine. The five-cylinder done a quip in 2009 in a Audi TT RS; it done a approach into a RS 3 Sportback in 2011 and dual years after into a RS Q3. Today a 2.5 TFSI runs not usually in a TT RS (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 8.5–8.2 [27.7–28.7 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km*: 195–187 [313.8–300.9 g/mi]), though also in a RS 3 (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km: 8.5 [27.7 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km*: 195–194 [313.8–312.2 g/mi]). Following a revision, a five-cylinder is 26 kilograms (57.3 lb) lighter than a prior version. Its crankcase is done of aluminum, that alone saves 18 kg (39.7 lb). Elaborate measures revoke inner attrition while during a same time augmenting energy output. The cylinder barrels are plasma-coated; a crankshaft categorical orientation are 6 millimeters (0.2 in) smaller in diameter. The crankshaft is vale wearied and is therefore 1 kg (2.2 lb) lighter, while a aluminum pistons have integrated channels for oil cooling. In a brief warm-up proviso after a cold start, a switchable H2O siphon does not disseminate a coolant in a cylinder conduct – a 2.5 TFSI engine so reaches a handling heat some-more quickly. This lowers a fellow of attrition and reduces fuel consumption. The ignition method 1-2-4-5-3, upheld by a geometry of a intake and empty system, provides a unmistakeable engine sound that done Audi renouned behind in a 1980s.
The innovative Dynamic Ride Control check control complement is also disdainful for a models with a longitudinally commissioned engine – a pioneering creation that was initial used in 2002 in a RS 6. This integrated hurl and representation stabilizer consists of a special check complement that counteracts a movements of a automobile physique with no check though a use of electronics. When a automobile is branch into and roving turn a bend, a check response is altered so that a vehicle’s movements about a longitudinal pivot (roll) and about a cross pivot (pitch) are significantly reduced. The dampers on one side of a automobile are connected to a dampers diagonally conflicting to them around dual apart oil lines, any of that has a executive valve. The valves mounted tighten to a behind spindle yield a required compensating volume around inner pistons with a gas-filled cell behind them. When a automobile is steering into and roving turn a bend, an oil upsurge is generated between a diagonally conflicting dampers around a executive valve, so formulating additional damping force. When one side is cushioned, a damping characteristics are altered such that hurl and representation movements are separated roughly entirely. As a result, this rarely manageable check complement ensures that a RS models have quite good lane fortitude when negotiating bends.
The RS competition cessation accessible in a stream RS 4 Avant (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km: 9.2 [25.6 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km: 208 [334.7 g/mi]) and RS 5 Coupé and Sportback models (combined fuel expenditure in l/100 km*: 9.1–9.0 [25.8–26.1 US mpg]; sum CO2 emissions in g/km: 206 [331.5 g/mi]), that facilities Dynamic Ride Control (DRC), has a three-stage non-static check response. With a assist of Audi expostulate select, a motorist can change a check response and thereby personalize a pushing experience. The new era of dampers with integrated valve is some-more compress and lighter. In addition, it enables a damping army to be widespread even some-more widely between a comfort and energetic modes as good as some-more accurate cessation composition for high damping forces, that start when cornering during speed in particular. The result: In a comfort mode, a RS competition cessation with Dynamic Ride Control (DRC) ensures unusual float comfort. In a energetic program, it delivers unusual pushing pointing even when cornering during high speed.
25 years of RS – Exhibition during a Audi Forum in Neckarsulm
On Jul 12, 2019, an muster non-stop during a Audi Forum in Neckarsulm to symbol a anniversary. Besides a informed prolongation models, a sum of 14 genuine RS rarities are presented. Among them is also a racing automobile chronicle of a Audi TT RS from 2011 that was grown for a factory-backed joining during a Nürburgring, a RS 5 DTM competition furloughed automobile that was jubilant in a 2013 deteriorate as good as a antecedent of an Audi RS 8 that did not go into production. Further, a muster also facilities an RS 4 Sedan that perceived a rarely disdainful paint finish by a Brazilian cocktail artist Romero Britto.
The RS models in sequential order:
- Audi RS 2 Avant (1994): 2.2-liter five-cylinder turbo, 232 kW (326 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 4 Avant (2000): 2.7-liter V6 biturbo, 279 kW (380 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 6 Sedan and RS 6 Avant (2002): 4.2-liter V8 biturbo, 331 kW (450 metric horsepower);
- from 2004 – RS 6 plus, 353 kW (480 metric horsepower), singular to 999 cars
- Audi RS 4 Sedan (2005), RS 4 Avant (2006), RS 4 Cabriolet (2006):
- 4.2-liter V8, 309 kW (420 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 6 Sedan and RS 6 Avant (2008): 5.0-liter V10 biturbo, 426 kW (580 metric horsepower),
from 2010 – RS 6 and with tip speed practiced to 303 km/h (188.3 mph)
- Audi TT RS Coupé and TT RS Roadster (2009): 2.5-liter five-cylinder, 250 kW (340 metric horsepower); from 2012 – and chronicle with 265 kW (360 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 5 Coupé (2010) and RS 5 Cabriolet (2012): 4.2-liter V8, 331 kW (450 metric horsepower),
- Audi RS 3 Sportback (2011): 2.5-liter five-cylinder, 250 kW (340 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 4 Avant (2012): 4.2-liter V8, 331 kW (450 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS Q3 (2013): 2.5-liter five-cylinder, 228 kW (310 metric horsepower);
from 2014 – 250 kW (340 metric horsepower); from 2016 – opening chronicle with 270 kW (367 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 6 Avant (2013): 4.0-liter V8 biturbo with 412 kW (560 metric horsepower);
from 2015 – opening chronicle with 445 kW (605 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 7 Sportback (2013): 4.0-liter V8 biturbo with 412 kW (560 metric horsepower);
from 2015 – opening chronicle with 445 kW (605 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 3 Sportback (2015): 2.5-liter five-cylinder with 270 kW (367 metric horsepower)
- Audi TT RS Coupé and TT RS Roadster (2016): 2.5-liter five-cylinder with 294 kW
(400 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 3 Sedan (2017): 2.5-liter five-cylinder with 294 kW (400 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 5 Coupé (2017): 2.9-liter V6 biturbo with 331 kW (450 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 4 Avant (2017): 2.9-liter V6 biturbo with 331 kW (450 metric horsepower)
- Audi RS 5 Sportback (2018): 2.9-liter V6 biturbo with 331 kW (450 metric horsepower)