Power Play: Camaro Engines by a Years
Five generations paint expansion of American opening
Oshawa, Ontario (Tuesday, Feb 17, 2015) – Chevrolet Camaro has tracked a rise, tumble and resurgence of American opening for scarcely 50 years, creation it a bellwether of horsepower.
Since a 1967 introduction, a Camaro’s engine outlay has ranged from a low of 88 horsepower to a rise of 580, as a hack automobile rode a highs of a flesh automobile epoch in a late-1960s and a lows of a oil embargo-influenced 1970s to a presentation of complicated technologies in a 1980s and a rare energy and potency offering today.
“From a day it was introduced, a Camaro has been partial of North American enlightenment and a thoughtfulness of a state of a North American opening industry,” pronounced Dean Guard, General Motors executive executive tellurian gasoline engine engineering, whose initial automobile was a 1982 Camaro with a 5.0L V-8.
“What has never altered was a Camaro’s fun, receptive opening for a extended spectrum of customers, and a personal tie it desirous with generations of owners.”
In a 48 years given Camaro’s arrival, a engine families and a technologies ancillary them have developed dramatically, from a carbureted inline-six bottom engines and muscular range-topping big-block V-8s in a early years, to a worldly V-6 and V-8 engines of currently that use modernized technologies to broach a change of energy and potency undreamt of in 1967.
Technologies including approach injection and invariably non-static valve timing in a 2015 Camaro’s bottom 3.6L V-6 assistance beget 323 horsepower. That’s some-more than any Camaro V-8 engine offering between 1971 and 2000 – and it enables an estimated fuel expenditure of 7.8L/100km highway.
As a Camaro closes out a final year of a fifth generation, Chevrolet has gathered a ancestral overview of a engines that have contributed to a idol standing for enthusiasts around a globe.
First Generation – 1967-69
The Camaro debuted in a burgeoning personal coupe marketplace and during a tallness of a flesh automobile era. Entry-level models offering dual versions of Chevrolet’s brave inline-six engine, with a smallest of 140 horsepower and 220 lb-ft of torque.
Higher-performing models were accessible with a smorgasbord of V-8 engines, trimming from 200 horsepower in a 307-cubic-inch Small Block to a 375-horsepower 396 Big Block. Sixty-nine special-option COPO Camaros were built with 427-cubic-inch engines. Intended for Stock and Super Stock drag racing classes, their particular 425- and 430-horsepower ratings were widely believed to be underestimated.
Second Generation – 1970-81
The Camaro’s second epoch occurred during a scattered time in a automobile attention as regulatory changes, including a change to unleaded fuel for reduce emissions and an increasing concentration on fuel potency in response to Arab oil embargoes that led to lines during gasoline stations. As engineers worked to accommodate these new requirements, a attention saw thespian reductions in engine compression, horsepower and torque.
Camaro outlay appearance in 1970, with 375 hp and 415 lb-ft, though by 1975 a many absolute V-8 indication offering usually 155 hp. The Camaro wouldn’t see some-more than 200 horsepower again until a mid-1980s.
The Big Block engine family was forsaken after 1972, while a princely inline-six engine was transposed by some-more complicated V-6 designs in 1980. The Small Block was a usually engine family to final by a whole second generation, trimming from a high of 360 horsepower for a 1970 Z28 to 115 horsepower by a mid- and late-1970s.
Third Generation – 1982-92
The third epoch of a Camaro saw a introduction of new technologies, any gradually improving outlay and performance.
For a initial time, a Camaro was offering with a four-cylinder engine. Between 1982 and 1986, a 2.5L inline-4 constructed 88 to 92 horsepower, depending on either it was propitious with a carburetor or a new electronically tranquil fuel injection system.
Fuel injection also widespread to a V-6 and V-8 engine families, enabling engineers to change potency with larger performance. Early editions used Throttle Body Injection (TBI) and, later, a highest-performing models of a 305 and 350 engines featured Tuned Port Injection (TPI).
In 1990, a Camaro 350 TPI engine appearance during 245 hp and 345 lb-ft of torque – creation it a many manly Camaro given 1973.
Fourth Generation – 1993-2002
A streamlined powertrain lineup greeted a Camaro’s fourth generation, with a singular V-6 and Small Block V-8 offering in any indication year.
The bottom engine developed from a 160-horsepower chronicle of a 3.4L V-6 to a 200-horsepower chronicle of a eminent 3.8L V-6. The lightweight, compress powerhouse offering opening allied to many of a Third Generation Camaro V-8 models.
The Small Block V-8 was accessible with adult to 305 horsepower in a 1996-97 Camaro SS.
An all-new, Gen III “LS1” Small Block V-8 was accessible in a 1998 Camaro, delivering 305 hp and 335 lb-ft of torque, creation a Camaro SS and Z28 models estimable rivals for anything from a flesh automobile era.
Fifth Generation – 2010-2015
After an eight-year hiatus, a Camaro roared behind with some-more customary horsepower than ever – some-more than 300 horsepower from a worldly DOHC V-6. By 2012, a Camaro V-6 had increasing to 323 hp, and 278 lb-ft of torque, while enabling fuel expenditure ratings as low as 7.9 L/100km highway.
The Camaro’s new, 6.2L Gen IV Small Block V-8 was rated during 426 horsepower in SS models with a primer delivery – some-more than any regular-production Small Block or Big Block engine from flesh automobile epoch and rivaling a advertised outlay of a special-order COPO 427 engines from 1969.
The Camaro ZL1’s introduction in 2012 reset a bar for horsepower and torque, delivering a towering 580 horsepower and 556 lb-ft from a supercharged chronicle of a 6.2L Gen III Small Block. It stays a many absolute prolongation engine in Camaro history.
In 2014, a Camaro Z/28 delivered a initial factory-installed 427-cubic-inch engine given a mythological COPO models. The naturally aspirated 7.0L engine was rated during 505 horsepower and 481 lb-ft of torque, assisting a Camaro Z/28 energy a approach to Motor Trend’s 2014 Best Driver’s Car endowment – a initial American-brand automobile to accept it.
About Chevrolet in Canada
Founded in 1911 in Detroit, Chevrolet is now one of a world’s largest automobile brands, doing business in some-more than 140 countries and offered some-more than 4.8 million cars and trucks a year. Chevrolet provides business with fuel-efficient vehicles that underline energetic performance, fluent pattern and high quality. More information on Chevrolet models can be found during www.chevrolet.ca, on Facebook during http://www.facebook.com/chevroletcanada or by following @ChevroletCanada on Twitter.
# # #